Outdoor Education (Canoeing Moving Water)
Secondary - Curricular 2023
- Class I and Class II River Classifications Only.
- In both, Class I and Class II rivers there is no evidence of rapids with moderate, irregular waves, large waves or strainers, strong eddies or powerful currents (ref: International Scale of River Difficulty).
- Consult Outdoor Education (General Procedures)
- If Canoeing Moving Water is part of a canoe tripping experience, also consult Outdoor Education (Canoe Tripping).
- Consult Outdoor Education (Swimming - Leisure) if leisure swimming is included as an associated activity that takes place at a Designated or Non-Designated Swim area (for example, at camps or municipal swim areas) when not on a watercraft or land-based trip
- Consult Outdoor Education (Swimming - Instructional) if the any associated activity (for example, a swim test) is to take place at a Designated Swim Area at a waterfront.
- Consult Swimming if any associated activity (for example, a swim test) is to take place in a pool.
- Durable, resilient canoes (for example, royalex construction or double layer polyethylene tandem canoes) must be used.
- Paddles and canoes must be checked for cracks, splinters and leaks.
- Canoes must be equipped with 1 paddle per person and flotation devices.
- Properly fitted (as per manufacturer’s guidelines) and properly worn white water helmets (for example, Protec, Shred, Wildwater) must be worn by all participants.
- Correctly fitting properly fastened and Canadian- approved personal flotation device (P.F.D.)/life jacket with whistle attached must be worn and properly secured at all times while on the water.
- The equipment must comply with the Minimum Safety Equipment Requirements in Transport Canada’s Safe Boating Guide.
- Wrap kit with bailer must include:
- 2 carabiners
- 2 – 18 in prusik loops
- 23m (75’) static spectra rope
- 23m (75’) of 3/8 in floating rope
- Determine that all necessary clothing and footwear are included prior to departing on the excursion. Clothing (in layers where appropriate) and footwear appropriate for the activity, location and environmental conditions must be worn. Wetsuits or dry suits as required. Rain gear and/or a dry change of clothing kept in a watertight bag/container must be accessible.
- Class I or Class II river classifications only.
- River difficulty must be read and classified by a qualified instructor or trip guide on the day of the activity.
- Check with local authorities for current information regarding route safety.
- Teacher and instructor must:
- be aware of and respond to changing weather and water conditions prior to and during the trip; and
- cancel, postpone or alter the excursion if conditions put students’ safety at an elevated level of risk (for example, wind, temperature, lightning storms, fog).
- If hazardous weather suddenly approaches, leave the water immediately.
- Daylight canoeing only except under emergency situations.
- Navigation lights (for example, waterproof flashlight) are required if operating at night or in restricted visibility.
- Prior to canoeing in moving water, a prerequisite test must occur in a pool, shallow water, or sheltered bay for which students must demonstrate to the instructor competence in canoeing skills, as follow:
- Proper entry/exit from canoe
- Synchronized strokes
- Positioning of paddlers
- Packing the canoe
- Maneuvers using the following basic strokes:
- Forward and reverse strokes
- J-stroke, stern draw and pry strokes
- Draw and pry strokes, cross-bow draw stroke
- Eddy out
- Peel out
- Front ferry
- Back ferry
- Portaging, lifts and carries
- Paddling forward in a straight line
- Pivots 360 degrees in both directions
- Circles in both directions, to an approximate radius of 10 metres
Water Safety Assessment
- Prior to a canoeing in moving water, a prerequisite test must occur in a pool, shallow water, or sheltered bay for which students must demonstrate to the instructor competence in water safety as follow:
- Swimming in currents wearing a PFD/lifejacket
- Retrieving a swamped canoe
- Self rescue (that is, feet first, on back, swim to shore)
- Line toss and rescue
- Communication in an emergency situation
- River reading (for example, downstream V, curling waves, hydraulics, standing waves, eddies, pillows, sweepers and strainers)
- River difficulty analysis
- On-site supervision is required.
- At least one supervisor must have detailed knowledge of the area.
Supervision Ratios for Instructional Time
- Tandem boats: 1 supervisor per 10 students
- Solo canoes: 1 supervisor per 5 students
- A trip guide or instructor must have one of the following current certifications:
- ORCKA Moving Water Instructor 2
- ORCKA River Running Instructor 2
- ORCKA Moving Water/River Running Instructor 1 or 2
- Paddle Canada Advanced Moving Water (both tandem & solo)
- equivalent to any of the above
- At least one teacher, trip guide, instructor, or supervisor must have a minimum of a current (not more than three years prior to the day on which the holder is on duty) first aid certificate (standard or higher) issued by one of the following agencies: St. John Ambulance; Canadian Red Cross; Lifesaving Society; Canadian Ski Patrol; or an organization whose certificate is deemed equivalent by the medical officer of health in the local health unit.
Swim Test for Watercraft
Aquatic Instructor Qualifications for the Swim Test for Watercraft
Lifeguard Qualifications for the Swim Test for Watercraft
Supervision Ratios for the Swim Test for Watercraft
- Class I:
- Easy. Fast moving water with riffles and small waves. There are few obstructions and all are obvious and easily missed with some training. Risk to swimmers is slight; self-rescue is easy.
- Class II:
- Novice. Straightforward rapids with wide, clear channels which are evident without scouting. Occasional maneuvering may be required, but rocks and medium sized waves are easily missed by trained paddlers. Swimmers are seldom at risk of injury and group assistance, while helpful, is seldom needed.
Fri, 08/25/23 09:45 am