Outdoor Education (Canoeing)
Canoe training and single day trips which travel within 2 hours from the arrival of emergency medical assistance. (Pools, Lake Water Canoeing, Base Camp Canoeing)
Secondary - Curricular 2023
- Canoeing Moving Water and White Water Rafting above Class II, and White Water Kayaking, are not appropriate activities at the secondary level. For Class I and Class II Rivers Consult:
- Consult Outdoor Education (Canoe Tripping) for single day trips which travel more than 2 hours from the arrival of emergency medical assistance.
- Also consult Outdoor Education (General Procedures).
- Consult Outdoor Education (Swimming - on Watercraft and Land-based Trips) if swimming is to take place in a non-designated swim area while tripping.
- Consult Swimming if any associated activity (for example, a swim test) is to take place in a pool.
- Consult Outdoor Education (Swimming - Instructional) if the any associated activity (for example, a swim test) is to take place at a Designated Swim Area at a waterfront.
- Consult Outdoor Education (Swimming - Leisure) if leisure swimming is included as an associated activity that takes place at a Designated or Non-Designated Swim area (for example, at camps or municipal swim areas) when not on a watercraft or land-based trip.
- Comply with the Minimum Safety Equipment Requirements in Transport Canada's Safe Boating Guide.
- Correctly fitting and Canadian-approved Personal Flotation Device (P.F.D.) or Lifejacket with whistle attached must be worn by all participants and properly secured at all times when:
- near the water (for example, on a dock or at a shoreline where the depth of the water is deemed a risk)
- in the water (for example, swimming)
- on the water (for example, canoeing)
- There must be two paddles per canoe, with some spare paddles taken along in case of broken or lost paddles.
- Paddles and canoes must be checked for cracks, splinters and leaks.
- A repair kit must be available.
- A means of hydration (for example, direct access to potable water, water filter(s), water purifier(s), chemical purification treatment) must be available, accessible, and appropriate for the activity, location and duration of the trip.
- A set of maps for canoe trip location including marked access and potential evacuation locations must be available. A GPS unit may be used as an additional navigational tool, but must not be used in place of print maps. An identical map set should also be available to the principal/designate and local emergency contact (for example, park official, area police station).
- The loading of a canoe with people and/or gear must not exceed the manufacturer’s load capacity rating.
- Students must be provided with a clothing and equipment list prior to the activity.
- A process must be established to check student clothing and equipment prior to the trip.
- Determine that all necessary clothing and footwear are included prior to departing on the excursion.
- Clothing (in layers where appropriate) and footwear (that is, closed-toed shoes that provide traction when on land) appropriate for the activity, location and environmental conditions must be worn.
- Dry change of clothing kept in a watertight bag/container.
- Rain gear is encouraged.
- Articles (for example, jewellery and clothing) that could become tangled, caught or cause injury or restrict the student in the event of an emergency must not be worn
- Only established canoe trip routes must be used.
- Canoe route and water conditions must be appropriate to age/skill level of students.
- Trip guide must be familiar with the route (for example, length of route, terrain).
- Check with local authorities for current information regarding route safety.
- Appropriate environmental and sanitary practices (for example, washroom routines) must be taught.
- Trip guide and teacher must:
- be aware of and respond to changing weather and water conditions prior to and during canoe training and the trip; and
- cancel, postpone or alter the excursion if conditions put students’ safety at an elevated level of risk (for example, wind, temperature, lightning storms, fog).
- If hazardous weather suddenly approaches, leave the water immediately.
- Daylight canoeing only except under emergency situations.
- Navigation lights (for example, waterproof flashlight) are required if operating at night or in restricted visibility.
- A lead boat and sweep boat must be assigned. A signal system must be in place (for example, whistle calls) for communication between boats.
- A principal/designate in the school, and each teacher (and trip guide [where appropriate]) on the excursion must have: a map of route and an excursion itinerary including an emergency action plan (for example, supervisory chain of command, emergency evacuation plan, emergency access points, local emergency contact phone numbers).
- The loading of a canoe with people and/or gear must not exceed the manufacturer’s load capacity rating.
- Skills for the safe maneuvering of a canoe must be taught in proper progression.
- Canoe training, practice of skills, and demonstration of proficiency must occur in a pool, shallow water, or sheltered bay.
- Before setting out on a day trip, skill knowledge and demonstration of proficiency must occur, either prior to the day of the trip or on the day of a trip, as follows:
- Use and fit of personal protective equipment (for example, P.F.D.)
- Lift, transport and lower the canoe (for short or great distances depending on the trip requirements)
- Launch and remove the canoe to and from the water
- Enter and exit the canoe
- Position themselves (as well as gear when necessary) in the canoe
- Hold and use a paddle
- Be part of a rescue, and assist others, in the case of an overturned canoe
- Propel the canoe in a desired line forward and in reverse
- Bring the canoe to a controlled stop
- Turn the canoe in either direction
- Displace the canoe sideward in both directions
- Safely land the canoe (shore and/or dock)
- On-site supervision is required.
Supervision Ratios for Instructional Time
- 1 supervisor per 12 students in tandem boats
- 1 supervisor per 8 students in solo boats
- 1 instructor per 25 students
- 1 water safety supervisor per 25 students
- For an Ontario Camping Association (OCA) member waterfront setting (for example, local pond or lake in a sheltered, confined spot), instructors must have one (1) of the following certifications, or a certification of an equivalent or higher level:
- ORCKA Camp Canoeing Instructor
- Paddle Canada Waterfront Canoe Instructor
- For all situations beyond the training of the Camp Canoeing Instructor, non-OCA member sites and for flatwater canoeing in a non-wilderness environment, there must be one Qualified Instructor with a minimum of one of the following current qualifications:
- Basic Canoeing Instructor
- Canadian Style Paddling Instructor
- Day Trip Leader
- Moving Water Instructor
- River Running Instructor
- Canoe Tripping Level 3 (Trip Leader)
- Paddle Canada
- Intermediate Tandem Lake Canoeing (Skills)
- Intermediate Tandem Moving Water Canoeing (Skills)
- Introduction to Tandem or Solo Lake Canoeing Instructor
- Introduction to Tandem Moving Water Canoeing Instructor
Water Safety Supervisor
- At least one (1) trip guide, assistant trip guide, teacher, parent/guardian/volunteer, or instructor with one (1) of the following current certifications must fill the role of Water Safety Supervisor for the Trip Group:
- Bronze Cross
- Wilderness Water Safety
- Whitewater Rescue Technician
- Swiftwater Rescue Technician
- A student may not act as the water safety supervisor if they are participating in the activity.
- At least one teacher, trip guide, instructor, or supervisor must have a minimum of a current (not more than three years prior to the day on which the holder is on duty) first aid certificate (standard or higher) issued by one of the following agencies: St. John Ambulance; Canadian Red Cross; Lifesaving Society; Canadian Ski Patrol; or an organization whose certificate is deemed equivalent by the medical officer of health in the local health unit.
- If instruction is taking place in a pool, no safety craft is required.
- A safety craft is a designated craft that is rescue-capable, taking into consideration necessary factors (for example, distance from shore, weather, water and wind conditions), and contains at least one instructor, trip guide or individual who meets the first aid certification.
- A safety craft must be in the water and accessible while students are canoeing. The safety craft need not be motorized. If the safety craft is a motorized craft then the operator of the motorized safety craft must have a Pleasure Craft Operator Card. The operator of the safety craft, whether craft is motorized or not, must have experience in navigating the craft.
- The safety craft can be the watercraft that the instructor/guide is operating.
Swim Test for Watercraft
Aquatic Instructor Qualifications for the Swim Test for Watercraft
Lifeguard Qualifications for the Swim Test for Watercraft
Supervision Ratios for the Swim Test for Shallow and Deep Water
Information for Parents/Guardians
- A consent form must be completed, signed and returned, giving permission for the student to participate in a swim test and in canoeing.
- All students will wear a correctly fitting and Canadian-approved PFD/lifejacket, with whistle attached, when near or on the water.
- Students must complete and pass the following swim test in its entirety, in sequence and without any stops, with or without a PFD:
- Rolling entry (backwards or forward) into deep water at 2.75m (9’) minimum depth
- Tread water for 1 minute
- Swim 50m (164’) continuously any stroke
Information for Students
- Prior to the trip, students must receive explicit instruction by a trip guide or teacher on the following:
- Suitable clothing systems (for example, fabrics, recommend layering principles, avoiding cotton, appropriate items) and packing
- Canoeing equipment
- Environmental concerns (for example, wildlife, weather, low impact camping, poison ivy/oak)
- The trip itinerary (route, distances, evacuation points)
- An adequate supply of safe water for one day (the group must have a water purification method and must be made aware of water sources prior to embarking on trip)
- Water safety for canoeing and swimming (if there will be swimming on the trip)
- Safety procedures related to:
- severe weather conditions (for example, wind, lightning [consult Weather]); and
- ways to protect themselves from environmental conditions (for example use of hats, sunscreen, sunglasses, personal water bottles, insect repellent, appropriate clothing).
Fri, 08/25/23 09:45 am