Outdoor Education (Canoeing)
Single day trips which travel within 2 hours from the arrival of emergency medical assistance.
Secondary - Curricular 2021
- For single day trips which travel more than 2 hours from the arrival of emergency medical assistance, consult Outdoor Education (Canoe Tripping).
- White Water Canoeing, White Water Kayaking, and White Water Rafting are not appropriate activities at the secondary level.
- Paddles and canoes must be checked for cracks, splinters and leaks. One paddle per person. In case of a broken paddle, ensure there are replacement paddles available.
- The loading of a canoe with people and/or gear must not exceed the manufacturer’s load capacity rating.
- Comply with the Minimum Safety Equipment Requirements in Transport Canada's Safe Boating Guide.
- Correctly fitting and Transport Canada approved personal flotation devices (P.F.D.)/lifejackets, with whistle attached, must be worn and properly fastened at all times near or on the water.
- Determine that all necessary clothing and footwear are included prior to departing on the excursion. Clothing (in layers where appropriate) and footwear (that is, closed-toed shoes that provide traction when on land) appropriate for the activity, location and environmental conditions must be worn. Rain gear and/or a dry change of clothing kept in a watertight bag/container must be accessible.
- Check with local authorities for current information regarding route safety.
- Water conditions must be appropriate for the skill level of the group.
- Trip guide and teacher must:
- be aware of and respond to changing weather and water conditions prior to and during the trip; and
- cancel, postpone or alter the excursion if conditions put students’ safety at an elevated level of risk (for example, wind, temperature, lightning storms, fog).
- Visibility of 500 m (1640’) is required.
- If inclement weather suddenly approaches, leave the water immediately.
- Daylight canoeing only except under emergency situations.
- Navigation lights (for example, waterproof flashlight) are required if operating at night or in restricted visibility.
- Prior to canoeing, a prerequisite test must occur in a pool, shallow water, or sheltered bay for which students must demonstrate to the instructor competence in canoeing skills as follows:
- Lifts and carries
- Launching a canoe
- Proper entry/exit from canoe
- Positioning of paddlers and gear where relevant (for example, day trips): trimming of the canoe
- Synchronized strokes
- Maneuvers and strokes to be completed:
- Pivot 360 degrees in both directions
- Draw and pry stokes
- Sweep stroke
- Forward and reverse stroke
- Paddling forward in a straight line
- Circles in both directions, to an approximate radius of 10 metres
- Landings (shore and dock)
- Stern draw and stern pry strokes
- Prior to canoeing, students must demonstrate to the instructor an understanding of:
- Canoe over canoe rescue procedures
- Self-rescues into dry and/or swamped canoes
- On-site supervision is required.
Supervision Ratios for Instructional Time
- 1 supervisor per 8 students
- When the number of students in a group who passed the swim test wearing a personal flotation device (P.F.D.) is more than four, an additional individual with a minimum of a current Bronze Cross must be added. Teachers/outside providers should also consider increasing the number of supervisors.
- For an Ontario Camping Association (OCA) member waterfront setting (for example, local pond or lake in a sheltered, confined spot), the minimum ORCKA qualification is Camp Canoeing Instructor.
- For all situations beyond the training of the Camp Canoeing Instructor, non-OCA member sites and for flatwater canoeing in a non-wilderness environment, there must be one instructor with a minimum of one of the following current qualifications:
- ORCKA Basic Canoeing Instructor
- Paddle Canada Lakewater Canoe instructor, Introductory Level (tandem)
- Paddle Canada Moving Water, Introductory Level (tandem)
Canoeing Water Safety
- An individual with a minimum of a current Bronze Cross (within 24 months of the certification date) can be responsible for the water safety.
- A student may not be responsible for the water safety if they are participating in the activity.
- At least one teacher, trip guide, instructor, or supervisor must have a minimum of a current (not more than three years prior to the day on which the holder is on duty) first aid certificate (standard or higher) issued by one of the following agencies: St. John Ambulance; Canadian Red Cross; Lifesaving Society; Canadian Ski Patrol; or an organization whose certificate is deemed equivalent by the medical officer of health in the local health unit.
- If instruction is taking place in a pool, no safety craft is required.
- A safety craft is a designated craft that is rescue-capable, taking into consideration necessary factors (for example, distance from shore, weather, water and wind conditions), and contains at least one instructor, trip guide or individual who meets the first aid certification.
- A safety craft must be in the water and accessible while students are canoeing. The safety craft need not be motorized. If the safety craft is a motorized craft then the operator of the motorized safety craft must have a Pleasure Craft Operator Card. The operator of the safety craft, whether craft is motorized or not, must have experience in navigating the craft.
Swim Test for Watercraft
Aquatic Instructor Qualifications for the Swim Test for Watercraft
Lifeguard Qualifications for the Swim Test for Watercraft
Supervision Ratios for the Swim Test for Shallow and Deep Water
Information for Parents/Guardians
- A consent form must be completed, signed and returned, giving permission for the student to participate in a swim test and in canoeing.
- All students will wear a correctly fitting and Transport Canada approved PFD/lifejacket, with whistle attached, when near or on the water.
- Students must complete and pass the following swim test in its entirety, in sequence and without any stops, with or without a PFD:
- Rolling entry (backwards or forward) into deep water at 2.75m (9’) minimum depth
- Tread water for 1 minute
- Swim 50m (164’) continuously any stroke
Fri, 03/18/22 12:34 pm