Outdoor Education (Camping - Backcountry)
An extended overnight camping experience in an outdoor environment where students use tents and prepare their own food, more than 2 hours from the arrival of emergency medical assistance.
Secondary - Curricular 2023
- Also consult Outdoor Education (General Procedures).
- A complete set of maps of the location and emergency access points. A copy of the map (photocopies are acceptable) and one compass per participant, if appropriate. A GPS to be used as a back-up only.
- One whistle per participant.
- Water purification system(s) (for example, water filter(s), iodine tablets), in quantity sufficient to hydrate students for the duration of the trip, plus one extra in case of malfunction.
- Where appropriate, propane or white gas campstove(s), or wood box(es) in quantity sufficient to cook enough food to feed all students in a timely manner, plus one extra in case of malfunction.
- Weather (for example, sun, cold, precipitation) and insect protection.
- Where appropriate, animal repellent (for example, bear spray, bear bangers, whistles).
- One flashlight or headlamp per participant.
- Waterproof matches and/or matches in a waterproof container.
- Tarp(s) for shelter and ropes to secure.
- Saws and camp knives (if deemed appropriate by teacher).
- When using equipment that is not described on the activity page, care must be taken to determine that it is safe for use (for example, no sharp edges, sharp corners, cracks, or splinters).
- Determine that all necessary clothing and footwear are included prior to departing on the excursion.
- Clothing (in layers where appropriate) and footwear (for example, closed-toed shoes that provide traction) appropriate to the activity, location and environmental conditions must be worn. No bare feet outside of tents.
- Rain gear and/or a dry change of clothing kept in a watertight bag/container must be accessible.
- Trip guide must check with local authorities to determine the level of potential hazards (for example, bears, forest fires).
- Routes into and out of the wilderness campsite must be commensurate with the age and abilities of group. Consult Outdoor Education (Backpacking/Hiking - Backcountry).
- Appropriate environmental and sanitary practices (for example, washroom routines, disposal of dishwater and excess food) must be taught.
- No open flame, of any sort, in or near tents.
- Situate tents after considering the presence of any hazards (for example, away from dead or dying trees).
- A designated cooking area must be established away from tents, and whenever possible away from the path between tents.
- An emergency escape route including safety procedures and/or a designated safe location, in case of bears or other hazards, must be established.
- Students must be made aware of expectations as they relate to signal to assemble, a system for keeping track of students (for example, buddy system), and boundaries for activities.
- A trip plan must be developed and communicated to all involved with the excursion. A principal/designate in the school, each teacher (and trip guide [where appropriate]) on the excursion, and a local emergency contact (for example, park official, area police station) must have a copy of the trip plan (for example, a map of the route and/or campsite and an excursion itinerary, supervisory chain of command, emergency evacuation plan, emergency access points, provisions for inclement weather, local emergency contact phone numbers, health information for students, colours of canoes and tents, campsites).
- No open flame, of any sort, in or near shelters.
- Ensure an adequate supply of nutritious food appropriately for carrying to and from, and storing in the camp setting.
- Food must be hung, stored in bear-proof containers, or kept as far away from camp as possible.
- Camp stoves must be available, accessible, and appropriate for the activity, location, and duration of the excursion. Students must receive instruction on using the stove(s) prior to embarking on trip.
- Safety procedures for camp/cooking fires must be established (for example, water bucket in close proximity, safe movement when near fire, review of "stop, drop and roll").
- Ensure an adequate supply of safe water. Students must receive instruction on using the water purification system, and must be made aware of water sources prior to embarking on trip.
- Prior to using knives, saws or axes, students must receive instruction on their proper and safe use.
- All cutting and chopping tools must be sharpened and in good condition.
- On-site supervision is required.
- Constant visual supervision is required for:
- filling and lighting of campstoves;
- lighting of campfires;
- use of saws and camp knives.
- At least one trip guide must have wilderness camping experience, and be familiar with the route to the site, and the campsite(s). If using tents, at least one of the trip guides must have tent-camping experience.
- For all overnight excursions, two adult supervisors are required as a basic minimum, one of whom must be a teacher.
- Where males and females participate on an excursion, both male and female supervisors are required.
- 1 supervisor per 8 students.
- At least one teacher, trip guide, instructor, or supervisor must have a minimum of one of the following current advanced wilderness first aid certifications:
- WMA Wilderness Advanced First Aid
- St. John Ambulance Wilderness First Aid Level 3
- Canadian Red Cross Advanced Wilderness and Remote First Aid
- Equivalent to any of the above.
Fri, 08/25/23 09:47 am