Outdoor Education (Backpacking/Hiking - Backcountry)
Single day or multi-day trips, that travel more than 2 hours from the arrival of emergency medical assistance.
Secondary - Curricular 2023
- For multi-day trips, also consult Outdoor Education (Camping).
- Also consult Outdoor Education (General Procedures).
- A complete set of maps for the route. A copy of the map (photocopies are acceptable) and one compass per participant. A GPS to be used as a back-up only.
- One whistle per participant.
- A means of hydration must be available, accessible, and appropriate for the activity, location and duration of the trip (direct access to potable water, filters, purifier, chemical).
- For emergency purposes, trips must not rely solely on campfires. A camp stove must be available, accessible, and appropriate for the activity, location and duration of the trip.
- Sun and insect protection.
- Waterproof matches and/or matches in a waterproof container.
- Where appropriate, animal repellent (for example, bear spray, bear bangers, whistles).
- Backpacks appropriate for the torso size and weight of each student (for example, approximately 25% of body weight).
- Tarp(s) for shelter and ropes to secure.
- Determine that all necessary clothing and footwear are included prior to departing on the excursion.
- Comfortable and durable closed-toed shoes or boots appropriate to the route (for example, hiking boots) must be worn. Students and parents/guardians must be informed of the importance of wearing footwear that has been broken in prior to the trip (for example, not wearing new footwear).
- Clothing (in layers suitable for season) appropriate to the location, activities and environmental conditions must be worn.
- Rain gear and a dry change of clothing kept in a watertight bag/container must be accessible.
- Only designated trails to be used.
- Trip guide must be familiar with the route (for example, length of route, terrain).
- Check with local authorities for current information regarding route safety.
- Appropriate environmental and sanitary practices (for example, washroom routines) must be taught.
- Parents must be informed that backpacks are to be appropriate for the torso size and weight of the student (for example, approximately 25% of body weight).
- A principal/designate in the school, each teacher (and trip guide [where appropriate]) on the excursion, and a local emergency contact (for example, park official, area police station) must have: a map of the route and an excursion itinerary including an emergency action plan (for example, supervisory chain of command, emergency evacuation plan, emergency access points, local emergency contact phone numbers)
- Daylight hiking only, except in emergencies.
- A system for keeping track of students must be in place (for example, buddy system).
- On-site supervision is required.
- The teacher must assign a leader to the front and back of the group. A leader could be a responsible student.
- The front and back of the group must be within whistle contact of the teacher(s)/trip guide(s) at all times.
- If the group is divided into two or more excursions, each excursion must have a trip guide with the required certifications.
- For all overnight excursions, two supervisors are required as a basic minimum, one of whom must be a teacher.
- Where males and females participate on an excursion, both male and female supervisors are required.
- 1 supervisor per 8 students
- At least one teacher, trip guide, instructor, or supervisor must have a minimum of one of the following current advanced wilderness first aid certifications:
- WMA Wilderness Advanced First Aid
- St. John Ambulance Wilderness First Aid Level 3
- Canadian Red Cross Advanced Wilderness and Remote First Aid
- Equivalent to any of the above.
Information for Students
- Prior to backpacking, students must receive instruction on safety procedures related to:
- route for the trip, and the route for the day (reviewed each morning)
- emergency procedures
- signal to assemble
- the importance of treating their feet for hot/sore spots
- risks of the activity along with strategies to minimize those risks
- an adequate supply of nutritious food preserved and packed to suitable weight for carrying
- an adequate supply of safe water for one day (the group must have a water purification method and must be made aware of water sources prior to embarking on trip)
Fri, 08/25/23 09:47 am