Outdoor Education (Flat Water Kayaking)
Pools, Lake Water Kayaking, Base Camp Kayaking
Secondary - Curricular 2022
- White Water Canoeing and White Water Kayaking are not appropriate in-class activities at the secondary level.
- Also consult Outdoor Education (General Procedures).
- Consult Outdoor Education (Swimming - on Watercraft and Land-based Trips) if swimming is to take place in a non-designated swim area while tripping.
- Kayak with adequate flotation in nose and stern to prevent kayak from sinking when full of water.
- Paddle (1 per paddler) and kayak must be checked for cracks, splinters and leaks.
- One buoyant heaving line of not less than 15m (49') (for example, throw rope rescue bag) per kayak.
- One bailer (bailer must be at least 750mL [9oz] with an opening of 65cm2 [10in2] and constructed of plastic and/or metal) per kayak.
- One waterproof flashlight per kayak.
- Correctly fitting and Transport Canada approved personal flotation device (P.F.D.)/life-jackets, with whistle attached, must be worn and properly fastened at all times when near or on the water.
- Determine that all necessary clothing and footwear are included prior to departing on the excursion. Clothing (in layers where appropriate) and footwear appropriate to the activity, location and environmental conditions must be worn. Dry change of clothing kept in a watertight bag/container must be accessible.
- Check with local authorities for current information regarding route safety.
- Water conditions must be appropriate for the type of kayak being used and the skill level of the group.
- Teacher and instructor must:
- be aware of and respond to changing weather and water conditions, prior to and during the trip; and
- cancel, postpone or alter the excursion if conditions put students’ safety at an elevated level of risk (for example, wind, temperature, lightning storms, fog).
- Visibility of 500m (1640’) is required.
- If hazardous weather suddenly approaches, leave the water immediately.
- Daylight kayaking only except under emergency situations.
- Navigation lights (for example, waterproof flashlight) are required if operating at night or in restricted visibility.
- Risks involved with the activities must be communicated to parents/guardians with a signed response form from the parents/guardians, giving permission for student to participate.
- Prior to flat water kayaking, a prerequisite test must occur in a pool, shallow water, or sheltered bay for which students must demonstrate to the instructor competence in kayaking skills, as follow:
- Launching a kayak
- Proper entry/exit from kayak
- Emptying the kayak (beach and dock)
- Wet exit
- Maneuvers using the following basic strokes:
- Front sweep
- On-site supervision is required by the instructor when students are kayaking.
Supervision Ratios for Instructional Time
- 1-8 students: personnel and qualifications required are 1 supervisor, 1 first aid certification, and 1 lifeguard certification. These qualifications can be fulfilled by one or more supervisors.
- A trip guide or instructor must possess ORCKA Flatwater Kayaking Instructor Certification, Paddle Canada Basic Kayak Instructor, or equivalent.
- At least one teacher, trip guide, instructor, or supervisor must have a minimum of a current (not more than three years prior to the day on which the holder is on duty) first aid certificate (standard or higher) issued by one of the following agencies: St. John Ambulance; Canadian Red Cross; Lifesaving Society; Canadian Ski Patrol; or an organization whose certificate is deemed equivalent by the medical officer of health in the local health unit.
- If instruction is taking place in a pool, no safety craft is required.
- A safety craft is a designated craft that is rescue-capable, taking into consideration necessary factors (for example, distance from shore, weather, water and wind conditions), and contains at least one instructor, trip guide or individual who meets the first aid certification.
- A safety craft must be in the water and accessible while students are kayaking. The safety craft need not be motorized. If the safety craft is a motorized craft then the operator of the motorized safety craft must have a Pleasure Craft Operator Card. The operator of the safety craft, whether craft is motorized or not, must have experience in navigating the craft.
Swim Test for Watercraft
Aquatic Instructor Qualifications for the Swim Test for Watercraft
Lifeguard Qualifications for the Swim Test for Watercraft
Supervision Ratios for the Swim Test for Watercraft
- Flat Water Kayaking:
- Kayaking on lake water or river where no rapids exist and eddies are very slight.
Wed, 10/19/22 01:18 pm