Safe Re-opening of Schools Supports:

for the reopening of schools Ophea will continue to prioritize student safety and provide standards that will meet education's changing needs.

Outdoor Education (Swimming)

Lakes, Ponds, Rivers at recreational camps, Public swimming areas, Non-designated swim areas

Elementary - Curricular 2019

Equipment

  • Determine that all equipment is safe for use (for example, no sharp corners, cracks, or splinters). Students must be encouraged to report equipment problems to the teacher.
  • Person in charge of the waterfront area (for example, lifeguard) must have a whistle or other signalling device.
  • Correctly fitting and Transport Canada approved personal flotation device (P.F.D.)/lifejacket must be worn by identified non-swimmers.
  • For recreational camps, accessibility to standard safety equipment, as stated in Regulation 503/17:
    • one or more buoyant rescue aids attached to a shoulder loop with a 6mm (0.25”) line at least 1.6m (5’3”) in length
    • one or more reaching poles of 3.6m (12’) or greater in length
    • one or more buoyant throwing aids attached to a 6mm (0.25”) line at least 8m (26’5”) in length
    • spinal board
    • paddleboard or boat, when any part of the swimming area is more than 50m meters from the shore
    • blankets and pillows.

Refer to the First Aid section for first aid equipment requirements.

Clothing/Footwear/Jewellery

  • Appropriate clothing and footwear must be worn. Determine that all necessary clothing (including attire appropriate for swimming) and footwear are included prior to departing on the excursion.
  • When long hair poses a safety risk it must be secured. Devices (for example, hair pins, elastics and barrettes) used to tie back long hair must not present a safety concern.

Facilities

  • Determine that all facilities are safe for use. Students must be encouraged to report facility problems to the teacher.
  • Swimming area must be:
    • clearly defined (for example, at camps buoyed area);
    • free from hazards; and
    • of suitable water temperature.
  • No swimming in fast moving rivers or streams, or near other hazards such as drains, dams or boating areas.
  • Prior to swimming, teacher must check with local authorities to determine whether water is safe for swimming (for example, location and water quality, away from fast-moving water).
  • When swimming in areas not specifically designated for swimming (for example, campsite when on a canoe trip), lifeguard must set boundaries using boundary markers for swimming and swim/check the allocated swimming area for underwater hazards.

Environmental Considerations

  • When environmental conditions may pose a risk to student safety (for example, thunderstorms [lightning] or student(s) with asthma, triggered by air quality), teachers must take into consideration their school board/school’s protocols and procedures related to:
    • environmental conditions (consult Weather); and
    • insects (for example, mosquitoes and ticks [consult the school/school board’s protocols and/or regional Public Health Department’s website]).
  • Students must receive instruction on safety procedures related to environmental conditions and be made aware of ways to protect themselves (for example, sun burn, heat stroke).
  • At all times the school board’s weather and insect procedures are the minimum standards. In situations where a higher standard of care is presented (for example, outside activity providers, facility/program coordinators), the higher standard of care must be followed.
  • Teacher and trip guide/instructor/lifeguard (as appropriate) must:
    • be aware of and respond to changing weather and water conditions prior to and during the excursion; and
    • cancel, postpone or alter the excursion if conditions put students’ safety at an elevated level of risk (for example, wind, temperature, lightning storms, fog).
  • Do not swim if there are any indications of inclement weather (for example, lightning, high winds). If inclement weather suddenly approaches, leave the water immediately. Prior to allowing students back into the water, there must be a 30-minute lapse from the last visual observation of lightning or sound of thunder. If possible, consult local weather radar predictions and Canadian lightning danger maps.

Special Rules/Instructions

  • Be aware of students whose medical condition (for example, asthma, anaphylaxis, casts, previous concussion, orthopaedic device) may affect participation. Consult Medical Conditions.
  • Inform in-charge person of any student with a medical history or any medical problems that may affect the student’s safety in water (for example, diabetes, asthma, heart condition, convulsions, epilepsy, frequent ear infections).
  • Students must not participate in the activity until they receive information on concussion prevention specific to the activity, inherent risks of the activity (for example, outline possible risks and ways to minimize the risks), and procedures and rules for safe play. Students must receive instruction on the importance of reporting symptoms related to a suspected concussion.
  • Refer to the school board’s transportation procedures related to communicating with parents/guardians the location of an off-site activity and the means of transportation used as well as to the need for obtaining parent/guardian permission.
  • Activities must be modified according to the age, ability level, language, and experience of students and the facility available.
  • Previous training, fitness level, and the length of time and intensity of physical activity must be taken into consideration.
  • Activities must be based on skills that are taught.
  • Skills must be taught in proper progression.
  • A proper warm-up and cool-down must be included.
  • When a student displays hesitation (verbally or non-verbally) with participating, the teacher must determine the reason(s) for doubt. If the teacher believes that a potential hesitancy during the skill could put the student at risk, the student must be directed toward a more basic skill, or be permitted to select a challenge at their comfort level, including the choice to not participate.
  • Students with Special Needs: Prior to participation the teacher must address student's safety concerns and make appropriate accommodations/modifications to provide a safe learning environment.
  • Adequate liquid replacement (personal water bottles, water fountains) must be accessible for students before, during, and after physical activity to prevent dehydration.
  • Students must swim with a partner.
  • A bather-counting system must be used at regular intervals (for example, numbers students, blow whistle and have them count off). Use this counting procedure at the beginning, every 15 minutes and as the students exit the water.
  • Duration of swim must depend on:
    • the capability of swimmers;
    • the weather conditions;
    • the conditions of water; and
    • the time of day.
  • When using an outside provider, diving is only permitted where there is sufficient water depth (2.75m [9’] minimum) and safe water conditions as determined by the outside provider. When not using an outside provider (i.e. using non-commercial areas), diving is not permitted.
  • No swimming after sunset or before sunrise.
  • No distance swims.
  • Swim only in designated area.
  • Students must not retrieve water toys that go outside designated swim area.
  • Instructional swim may include organized games, relays etc., but CANNOT include an unorganized free swim.
  • Students must be made aware of all rules and regulations associated with the swimming area.
  • Students must be informed of acceptable standards of behaviour.

Emergency Procedures

  • Lifeguards must be readily identifiable to all swimmers at all times.
  • In a water emergency situation, the lifeguard is in charge. Where emergency situation extends beyond the water, accessing emergency medical services or emergency transportation from the site, the teacher in charge of the trip in consultation with lifeguard and where appropriate trip guides are to determine an action plan in accordance with school board procedures.
  • An emergency action plan must be in place and communicated to all trip guides, instructors and teachers.
  • Students must practice simulated emergency situations (for example, find partner, assemble on shore with 3 loud whistle blasts).

Supervision

  • All activities must be supervised.
  • The level of supervision must be commensurate with the inherent risk of the activity. The level of risk increases with the number of participants, the skill level of the participants, and the type of equipment used.
  • On-site supervision is required.
  • Teachers must accompany students to the swimming area and be present at the swimming area or in the water during the activity.

Refer to the Swim Test section for the swim test supervision ratios.

Supervision Ratios for Instructional Time

  • There must be a minimum of 2 certified aquatic instructors at the waterfront or in the water.
  • Supervision ratio is 2 certified aquatic instructors per 1-25 students, with both instructors also certified as lifeguards.
  • In situations when there are 26-100 students, an additional certified lifeguard is required.

Refer to the definition of Instructional Time.

Supervision Ratio for Recreational Time

  • According to Ontario Public Pools Regulation 565, during recreational time, a certified lifeguard is required. Aquatic instructor certification and Ontario Teachers Aquatic Standard (OTAS) do not meet the safety requirements of the regulation.
  • The minimum ratio of lifeguards to swimmers/bathers at the swimming area and in the water is:
    • 2 lifeguards per 1-25 bathers. If the teacher is a certified lifeguard, they may act as one of the two lifeguards, and therefore a third person is not necessary.
    • 3 lifeguards per 26-100 bathers. If the teacher is a certified lifeguard they may act as one of the three lifeguards, and therefore a fourth person is not necessary.
  • For every student increment up to 25, an additional certified lifeguard is required.
  • Despite the supervision required, the lifeguard (at a recreational camp) shall ensure that, where non-swimmers, persons with special needs, or those under five years of age using the waterfront area in the camp, additional supervision is provided that, in the opinion of the operator, is adequate having regard to the characteristics and number of children using the waterfront area. R.R.O. 2018, Reg. 503/17, s. 24 (3).
  • In addition to the lifeguards, there must be at least one adult with knowledge of aquatic emergency procedures (for example, location of first aid kit and phone; emergency action plan).

Refer to the definition of Recreational Time.

Qualifications

Aquatic Instructor Qualifications

  • An aquatic instructor must possess both an aquatic instructor certificate and a lifeguard certificate that are dated not more than two years prior to the date on which they are acting as an aquatic instructor and lifeguard. If the aquatic instructor does not hold a lifeguard certificate, a certified lifeguard must also be on deck during the aquatic instruction.
  • Aquatic Instructor Certificates for Waterfronts:
    • Canadian Red Cross - Water Safety Instructor Certificate
    • Lifesaving Society - Instructor Certificate
    • YMCA - Instructor Certificate
  • Verified copies of certification must be available in the swimming area.

Refer to the Swim Test section for the swim test aquatic instructor qualification requirements.

Lifeguard Qualifications

  • A lifeguard must be 18 years of age or older and possess a current (the date on the certificate must not be older than two years) lifeguard certificate issued by one of the following organizations:
    • Canadian Red Cross – Pool/Waterfront Lifeguard
    • Lifesaving Society – National Lifeguard – Pool/Waterfront
    • Equivalent certificate approved by Minister of Health and Long Term Care
  • A student may not act as a lifeguard if they are participating in the activity.
  • Lifeguard certification is the only acceptable standard in a recreational camp waterfront scenario.
  • Verified copies of certification must be available in the swimming area.

Refer to the Swim Test section for the swim test lifeguard qualification requirements.

First Aid

  • A working communication device (for example, satellite or cell phone, or satellite GPS messenger) suitable for the activities/locations must be available. This device must be maintained, waterproofed, protected and dedicated for emergency communications only. The phone number for the device, and phone numbers for emergency services and school contact people (for example, the principal) must be included with the phone.
  • At least one aquatic instructor, lifeguard, or assistant lifeguard must have a minimum of a current (not more than three years prior to the day on which the holder is on duty) first aid certificate (standard or higher) issued by one of the following agencies: St. John Ambulance; Canadian Red Cross; Lifesaving Society; Canadian Ski Patrol; or an organization whose certificate is deemed equivalent by the medical officer of health in the local health unit.
  • Follow the school's first aid emergency response (consult First Aid Plan and First Aid Emergency Response) and the school board’s concussion protocol (consult Concussions).
  • An emergency action plan and response to deal with evacuations and lock downs must be followed and communicated to students.

Swim Test

Swim Test for Shallow and Deep Water

  • An initial screening/testing of swimming ability must be done in shallow water (equal or less than 1.35m) prior to the activity.
  • Students must successfully complete the following swim test, with or without a personal flotation device (PFD):
    • tread water for 1 minute
    • swim 50 m (164’)
  • The test must be administered by a certified aquatic instructor (the test is based on the Lifesaving Society’s Swim to Survive™ Standard).
  • The swim test must be completed within the school year in which the activity is taking place.
  • In lieu of completing the swim test, students may provide proof of a Bronze Medallion certification or higher.
  • Results of the swim test must be documented and communicated as per school board policy (for example, to the student, teacher, principal, parents/guardians, trip guide(s), lifeguards, aquatic instructor, and outside provider [if applicable]).
  • Students who pass the swim test with a PFD, must wear a properly fastened PFD. The PFD can be removed during instructional swims when students are under constant visual supervision by the instructor during learn-to-swim skill instruction and/or practice.
  • Students who pass the swim test wearing a PFD must wear a PFD (a lifejacket is recommended) when on a dock or when at a shoreline where the depth of the water is deemed a risk.

Aquatic Instructor Qualifications for the Swim Test for Shallow and Deep Water

  • An aquatic instructor must possess both an aquatic instructor certificate and a lifeguard/assistant lifeguard certificate that are dated not more than two years prior to the date on which they are acting as an aquatic instructor and lifeguard. If the aquatic instructor does not hold a lifeguard certificate or an assistant lifeguard certificate, a certified lifeguard must also be on deck during the swim test. When the swim test is administered at a waterfront, aquatic instructors must also hold a lifeguard certificate.
  • Aquatic Instructor Certificates for Pools and Waterfronts:
    • Canadian Red Cross - Water Safety Instructor Certificate
    • Lifesaving Society - Instructor Certificate
    • YMCA - Instructor Certificate
    • Ontario Teachers Aquatic Standard (OTAS) - for pool situations only
  • Verified copies of certification must be available in the swimming area.

Lifeguard Qualifications for the Swim Test for Shallow and Deep Water

  • A lifeguard must be 18 years of age or older and possess a current (the date on the certificate must not be older than two years) lifeguard certificate issued by one of the following organizations:
    • Lifeguard Certificates:
      • Canadian Red Cross – Pool/Waterfront Lifeguard
      • Lifesaving Society – National Lifeguard – Pool/Waterfront
      • Equivalent certificate approved by Minister of Health and Long Term Care
    • Assistant Lifeguard Certificates:
      • Canadian Red Cross - Assistant Lifeguard
      • Lifesaving Society - Bronze Cross
      • Equivalent certificate approved by Minister of Health and Long Term Care
  • A student may not act as a lifeguard if they are participating in the activity.
  • Lifeguard certification is the only acceptable standard in a recreational camp waterfront scenario.
  • Verified copies of certification must be available in the swimming area.

Supervision Ratios for the Swim Test for Shallow and Deep Water

Pool Swim Test

  • There must be a minimum of 2 certified aquatic instructors on deck or in the pool.
  • Supervision ratio is 2 certified aquatic instructors per 1-50 students, with both instructors also certified as lifeguards or one lifeguard and one assistant lifeguard.
  • In situations where there are 51-75 students, an additional certified aquatic instructor is required.
  • If assistant lifeguards are used, the number of assistant lifeguards on deck may never exceed the number of lifeguards.

Waterfront Swim Test

  • There must be a minimum of 2 certified aquatic instructors at the waterfront or in the water.
  • Supervision ratio is 2 certified aquatic instructors per 1-25 students, with both instructors also certified as lifeguards.
  • In situations when there are 26-100 students, an additional certified lifeguard is required.

Definitions

  • Constant Visual Supervision:
    • Constant visual supervision means that the teacher is physically present, watching the activity in question. Only one activity requiring “Constant visual” supervision may take place while other activities are going on.
    • Curricular example: During a track and field session, some students are involved in high jump, some are practising relay passing on the track while a third group is distance running around the school. For high jump, the teacher is at the high jump area and is observing the activity.
    • Intramural example: During a school outdoor special events day, some students are involved in parachute games, some in relay games, and others in a team scavenger hunt around the school. For parachute, the intramural supervisor is at the event and is observing activity.
  • In-charge Person:
    • Some activities refer to an “In-Charge” person. While the teacher is in-charge and responsible for the overall safety and well-being of students under their care, sometimes there are other personnel who must be identified as “In-Charge” related to specific situations (for example, a pool lifeguard). In activities where an “In-Charge” person is designated, that person, in consultation with the teacher, must make final decisions regarding safety of the students
  • In-the-area Supervision:
    • In-the-area supervision means that the teacher could be in the gymnasium while another activity is taking place in an area adjacent to the gymnasium. In-the-area supervision requires the teacher to be readily accessible.
    • In-the-area supervision occurs:
      • in activities in which students may be out of sight for periods of time and the location of the teacher is not nearby (for example, alpine skiing, cross-country running). At least one of the following criteria must be in place:
        • The teacher is circulating
        • The location of teacher has been communicated to students and volunteers
      • in single activities and those that may be combined (for example, other in- the- area activities such as badminton, table tennis, handball – wall) with the following criteria in place:
        • The teacher must be circulating between the activities and readily accessible
        • The teacher informs students of the location of the activities
    • Curricular example: During a track and field session, some students are involved in high jump, some are practising relay passing on the track while a third group is distance running around the school. For distance running, the students are running around the school and at times may be out of sight.
    • Intramural example: During a school outdoor special events day, some students are involved in parachute games, some in relay games, and others in a team scavenger hunt around the school. For a scavenger hunt, the students are running around the school grounds and at times may be out of sight.

  • Instructional Time:
    • Instructional time is defined as time during which there are organized activities or instructions. Examples of instructional time are lessons, events, practice, and games.
  • Instructor:
    • An individual who provides instruction on skills and possesses the required certifications. This role could be fulfilled by a teacher, parent/guardian/volunteer or an employee of an outside provider.
  • Lifeguard, Assistant Lifeguard and Aquatic Instructor:
    • Refer to the Qualification section.
  • On-site Supervision:
    • On-site supervision entails teacher presence but not necessarily constantly viewing one specific activity. Momentary presence in adjoining rooms (for example, equipment room) to the gym is considered part of “on-site supervision”.
    • Curricular example: During a track and field session, some students are involved in high jump, some are practising relay passing on the track while a third group is distance running around the school. For a relay, the students are practising on the track and can be seen by the teacher who is with the high jumpers.
    • Intramural example: During a school outdoor special events day, some students are involved in parachute games, some in relay games, and others in a team scavenger hunt around the school. For relay games, the students are participating on the playground and can be seen by the intramural supervisor.
  • Outside Activity Provider:
    • An outside facility contracted by the school/board to provide activity services.
  • Parent/guardian/volunteer:
    • An adult who has been approved by the principal and has been instructed on responsibilities (for example, monitoring [supervision]).
  • Personal Flotation Device (PFD):
    • According to Canadian Red Cross, “A Canadian approved PFD is designed to keep you afloat in the water. PFDs were designed for use in recreational boating and are generally smaller, less bulky and more comfortable than lifejackets. They have less flotation than lifejackets, and have limited turning capacity, but are available in a variety of styles and colours.”

  • Recreational Time:
    • Recreational time is defined as time during which there are not any organized activities or instruction.
  • Supervision:
    • The vigilant overseeing of an activity for regulation or direction. Activities, facilities, and equipment have inherent risks, but the more effectively they are supervised, the safer they become.
    • The Ontario Physical Activity Safety Standards in Education designate three categories of supervision, Constant visual supervision, On-site supervision, and In-the-area supervision. The categories take into consideration the risk level of the activity, the participants’ skill level and the participants’ maturity. The three levels of supervision described are not hierarchical but represent the type of supervision that an activity requires and the type of supervision that is inherently possible.
  • Supervisor:
    • A supervisor is a teacher, parent/guardian/volunteer, or trip guide. This term is used only in relation to supervision ratios.
  • Teacher:
    • A person with a current certification from the Ontario College of Teachers, under contract by the school/board. This person is legally responsible for the students.
  • Trip Guide:
    • An individual who has the required certifications and/or knowledge/skills of the route and activity. This role could be fulfilled by a teacher, a parent/guardian/volunteer or an employee of an outside provider, and must be approved by the school/board.

Sun, 08/25/19 09:32 pm

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