Secondary - Curricular 2018
This activity page must be presented to the activity provider prior to the activity taking place. The activity provider must meet the minimum requirements listed on this page. For more information on planning trips using outside providers, consult Appendix O - Outside Activity Providers.
Cycling takes place on paved surfaces (e.g., sidewalks, bike paths, roads).
If cycling also includes off-road, also consult the Mountain Biking activity page.
A fully stocked first aid kit must be readily accessible. (Consult Appendix D - Sample First Aid Kit)
A working communication device (e.g., cell phone) must be accessible.
Determine that all equipment is safe for use (e.g., no sharp edges, sharp corners, cracks, or splinters). Students must be encouraged to report equipment problems to the teacher.
The following statements refer to student-owned, borrowed or rented bicycles.
- equipment must conform to local bylaws
- students must inspect bikes for working brakes and properly inflated tires
- bicycle size must be appropriate for the rider
A properly fitted (as per manufacturer's guidelines) and properly worn bicycle helmet certified by a recognized safety standards association (e.g. CSA, CSPC, Snell, ANSI, ASTM, BSI, AS) must be worn.
Supervisor and student monitor to carry:
- bicycle tool kit
- signaling device (e.g., whistle)
- first aid kit
Appropriate clothing and footwear must be worn. Clothing must not encumber proper use of bicycle chain. Clothing must be adequate for outdoor activity. No open-toed shoes or sandals are permitted.
When long hair poses a safety risk it must be secured. Devices (e.g. hair pins, clips and barrettes) used to tie back long hair must not present a safety concern.
Determine that all facilities are safe for use. Students must be encouraged to report facility problems to the teacher.
Choose routes carefully considering the length, road surface, steepness of slopes, frequency of traffic, complexity of intersections and railway crossings.
Prior to initial use of route, teacher/supervisor must do a safety ride-through to verify safety and suitability.
Provide students with map and/or clear directions.
Be aware of students whose medical condition (e.g., asthma, anaphylaxis, casts, previous concussion, orthopaedic device) may affect participation. (Consult Fundamentals of Safety)
Students must not participate in the activity until they receive information on concussion prevention specific to the activity, inherent risks of the activity (e.g. outline possible risks and ways to minimize the risks), and procedures and rules for safe play. Students must receive instruction on the importance of reporting symptoms related to a suspected concussion.
Refer to the school board’s transportation procedures related to communicating with parents/guardians the location of an off-site activity and the means of transportation used as well as to the need for obtaining parent/guardian permission.
Activities must be modified according to the age, ability level, language, and experience of students and the facility available.
Previous training, fitness level and the length of time and intensity of physical activity must be taken into consideration.
Activities must be based on skills that are taught.
Skills must be taught in proper progression.
A proper warm-up and cool-down must be included.
Students must demonstrate to the teacher/supervisor competency in stopping, changing gears, turning, signaling and passing before leaving school property.
The rules of the Highway Traffic Act must be reviewed and followed. This includes group riding protocol.
Instruction must be given on the proper position of a bicycle helmet (e.g., brow of helmet is at eyebrow level).
Emphasis must be placed on controlled riding.
Use an appropriate grouping system e.g., the buddy system.
Instruct participants to keep a safe distance from each other (e.g., 2-3m) to prevent interference/collisions.
No audio devices (e.g., MP3 players).
A record of students and the route must be left in the school with an appropriate person.
Racing must not be done as an in-class activity.
Students must be aware of an emergency procedure in case of an accident (e.g., any sign of difficulty, dismount and walk bike until it is safe to resume riding).
Excursions must be planned for daylight hours.
Adequate liquid replacement (personal water bottles, water fountains) must be accessible for students before, during and after physical activity to prevent dehydration.
When environmental conditions may pose a risk to student safety (e.g. thunderstorms [lightning] or student(s) with asthma, triggered by air quality), teachers must take into consideration their school board/school’s protocols and procedures related to:
- environmental conditions (consult Appendices F-1 to F-6: Lightning Protocol, Sample Air Quality Index, Sample Temperature, Tornado, Ultra Violet Index, and Wind Velocity Preparedness Guides]); and
- insects (e.g., mosquitoes and ticks [consult the school/school board’s protocols and/or regional Public Health Department’s website]).
Students must receive instruction on safety procedures related to environmental conditions and be made aware of ways to protect themselves (e.g. sun burn, heat stroke).
At all times the school board’s weather and insect procedures are the minimum standards. In situations where a higher standard of care is presented (e.g., outside activity providers, facility/program coordinators), the higher standard of care must be followed.
Cycling must be cancelled in adverse conditions.
In-the-area supervision is required.
Teacher/supervisor stays at the back of the pack and a supervisor or monitor at the front.
A responsible student could act as a monitor at the front of the pack or use an additional supervisor.
Grades 9 and 10: 1 supervisor per 20 students
Grades 11 and 12: 1 supervisor per 30 students
At least one instructor or an individual responsible for providing first aid must have current First Aid qualifications equivalent to or exceeding St. John Ambulance Emergency First Aid with CPR Level C + AED.
Follow the school's first aid emergency response (consult Appendix E - Sample First Plan and Sample First Aid Emergency Response) and the school board’s concussion protocol (consult the Concussion section).
An emergency action plan and response to deal with evacuations and lock downs must be followed and communicated to students.
Also see Fundamentals of Safety section to view complete safety requirements.
© 2018 Ophea