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Mountain Biking

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Secondary - Interschool 2018

Higher Risk Activity

Equipment

A fully stocked first aid kit must be readily accessible. (Consult Appendix D - Sample First Aid Kit)

A working communication device (e.g., cell phone) must be accessible.

Determine that all equipment is safe for use (e.g., no sharp edges, sharp corners, cracks, or splinters). Students must be encouraged to report equipment problems to the coach.

Athletes must do a safety inspection of bicycle before each use.

A properly fitted (as per manufacturer's guidelines) and properly worn bicycle helmet that is certified by a recognized safety standards association (e.g. CSA, CSPC, ASTM, Snell, BSI, AS) must be worn.

One rider to carry a bicycle tool kit and pump during practice.

Coach to carry a first aid kit and signaling device (e.g., whistle).

Protective eyewear (e.g., sunglasses must be worn).

When downhill mountain biking, appropriate safety gear for the facility must be worn.

Clothing/Footwear/Jewellery

Appropriate clothing and footwear must be worn. No open toed shoes permitted.

The wearing of jewellery during practices and competitions must meet the rules of the governing body of the sport/activity, OFSAA, and local athletic association. Consult the Fundamentals of Safety when jewellery is not addressed by the governing body of the sport/activity, OFSAA or the local athletic association.

When long hair poses a safety risk it must be secured. Devices (e.g. hair pins, clips and barrettes) used to tie back long hair must not present a safety concern.

Facilities

Determine that all facilities are safe for use. Students must be encouraged to report facility problems to the coach.

Choose routes carefully in terms of the length, road surface, frequency of traffic, complexity of intersections and railway crossings.

Prior to initial use of route, coach/convenor must do a safety ride through to verify safety and suitability.

Provide athletes with map and/or clear directions.

Turning points, finish lines, end zones, and boundaries must be a safe distance away from walls, stages, equipment, trees, posts, natural hazards, and holes. Walls, stages, equipment, trees and posts must not be used as turning points, finish lines, end zones or boundaries. A marker (e.g. line or pylon) must be designated and be properly identified.

When running takes place off school site for a warm-up or conditioning run:

  • Coaches must do a safety check ‘walk through’ in order to identify potential problems prior to initial use of route or course.
  • Coaches must outline to the students the route or course (e.g., notice of areas to approach with caution) before the start of the run.
  • Coaches must determine that students are not crossing busy intersections unless directly supervised.

Special Rules/Instructions

Be aware of students whose medical condition (e.g., asthma, anaphylaxis, casts, previous concussion, orthopaedic device) may affect participation. (Consult Fundamentals of Safety)

Students must not participate in the activity until they receive information on concussion prevention specific to the activity, inherent risks of the activity (e.g. outline possible risks and ways to minimize the risks), and procedures and rules for safe play. Students must receive instruction on the importance of reporting symptoms related to a suspected concussion.

Refer to the school board’s transportation procedures related to communicating with parents/guardians the location of an off-site activity and the means of transportation used as well as to the need for obtaining parent/guardian permission.

Athletes must be made aware of emergency procedures.

Previous training, fitness level and the length of time and intensity of physical activity must be taken into consideration.

The activities must be based on skills that are taught.

The skills must be taught in proper progression.

A proper warm-up and cool-down must be included.

Fair play and rules of the sport must be taught and strictly enforced.

The rules of the Highway Traffic Act and local bylaws must be reviewed and followed.

An initial riding pre-test (safety emphasized) must be passed before leaving school property (e.g., competency in stopping, changing gears, turning and passing).

Instruct participants to keep a safe distance from each other (e.g., 2-3m) to prevent interference/tripping one another.

Instruction must be given on the proper position of the bicycle helmet.

A record of athletes, and the route taken, must be left in the school with an appropriate person.

Use the buddy system during practice.

Excursions/competitions must take place in daylight hours.

No audio devices (e.g., MP3 players) must be used.

Adequate liquid replacement (personal water bottles, water fountains) must be accessible for students before, during and after physical activity to prevent dehydration.

Environmental considerations

When environmental conditions may pose a risk to student safety (e.g. thunderstorms [lightning] or student(s) with asthma, triggered by air quality), teachers must take into consideration their school board/school’s protocols and procedures related to:

  • environmental conditions (consult Appendices F-1 to F-6: Lightning Protocol, Sample Air Quality Index, Sample Temperature, Tornado, Ultra Violet Index, and Wind Velocity Preparedness Guides]); and
  • insects (e.g., mosquitoes and ticks [consult the school/school board’s protocols and/or regional Public Health Department’s website]).

Students must receive instruction on safety procedures related to environmental conditions and be made aware of ways to protect themselves (e.g. sun burn, heat stroke).

At all times the school board’s weather and insect procedures are the minimum standards. In situations where a higher standard of care is presented (e.g., outside activity providers, facility/program coordinators), the higher standard of care must be followed.

Supervision

In-the-area supervision is required.

Coaching Qualifications

The head coach must demonstrate knowledge of the sport, skills and strategies to the principal or designate.

All coaches must be familiar with and implement where applicable the criteria outlined in Appendix P – Coaching Expectations.

At least one mountain biking coach must possess one of the following coaching qualifications:

  • NCCP Community Sport Coach – Let’s Ride! Community Cycling Initiation Course
  • NCCP Community Sport Coach – Let’s Ride! Basic Cycling Skills
  • NCCP Competition Coach – Ready to Race! Training Basics Course
  • NCCP Competition Coach – Ready to Race! Skills and Tactics Course
  • NCCP Competition Coach – Ready to Race! Training to Race Course
  • Completion of cycling NCCP level 1 and/or level 2 certification in the past
  • Accreditation as a NCCP Cycling Learning Facilitator
  • Attendance at a clinic or workshop within the last three years provided by an instructor who is knowledgeable of the activity (e.g., appropriate skills and progressions), and where safety is addressed as outlined in the Ontario Physical Education Safety Guidelines.
  • Past experience within the last 3 years as a coach in mountain biking, having knowledge of the activity (e.g., appropriate skills and progressions) and current safety practices as outlined in the Ontario Physical Education Safety Guidelines.

For more information on sport-specific NCCP training please visit coach.ca.

First Aid

The individual who takes responsibility for providing first aid to injured athletes must:

  • as a minimum, have a current first aid certification from a recognized first aid provider (e.g., St. John Ambulance , Red Cross) that includes CPR B or C and training in head, neck and spinal injury management;
  • be in the area and readily accessible during the entire practice/competition;
  • follow their school’s First Aid Emergency Response (consult Appendix E - Sample First Aid Plan and Sample First Aid Emergency Response);
  • follow their school board's concussion protocol for a suspected concussion; and
  • not be a participant in the activity.

Also see Fundamentals of Safety section to view complete safety requirements.