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Alpine Skiing/Snowboarding

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Secondary - Interschool 2018

Higher Risk Activity

Consult OFSAA Playing Regulations for Alpine Skiing and Snowboarding.

For more information, consult OSBIE/OSRA’s School Board/Snow Resort Safety Guidelines for Out of school Trips for Winter Sports Education Program.

Equipment

A fully stocked first aid kit must be readily accessible. (Consult Appendix D - Sample First Aid Kit)

Determine that all equipment is safe for use (e.g., no sharp edges, sharp corners, cracks, or splinters). Students must be encouraged to report equipment problems to the coach.

Athletes must check all equipment prior to use and report concerns to coach.

Alpine skiing: In practice and competition, athletes must wear: a properly fitted (as per manufacturer’s guidelines) and properly worn hard shell crash helmets (designed for Giant Slalom alpine ski racing) which provide complete head protection (front and back) and full ear protection. Fédération Internationale de Ski (FIS) approved slalom helmets with a chin guard attached to the helmet and bearing the following certification codes (ASTM F2040, CEN 1077, or Snell S98)

Snowboarding: In practice and competition, athletes must wear: a properly fittied (as per manufacturer’s guidelines) and properly worn snow sport helmet certified by a recognized safety standards association (e.g. ASTM F2040, CEN 1077, Snell S98) for snowboarding

Parents/guardians must be informed:

  • that their child/ward must wear a properly fitted (as per manufacturer’s guidelines) and properly worn snow sport helmet certified by a recognized safety standards organization (e.g. ASTM F2040, CEN 1077, Snell S98) as appropriate for skiing/snowblading or snowboarding;
  • that when their child/ward uses their own personal equipment or borrows equipment:
    • of the importance of instructing their child/ward on how to wear their helmet properly
    • an equipment inspection by a knowledgeable equipment technician must take place prior to the activity to ensure:
      • skis, snowboards and poles are appropriate for the size and ability of the student;
      • all bindings are in working order and set to the proper tension,
      • all bindings meet current approved guidelines; and
      • boots and bindings are compatible.

When renting equipment, the facility operator must provide:

  • boards, skis, and poles appropriate for the size and ability of the athlete;
  • boards and skis with edges and bases must be in good condition;
  • an inspection and adjustment of boots and bindings by a knowledgeable equipment technician on-site;
  • snow sport helmets that are in good condition and are certified by a recognized safety standards organization (e.g. ASTM F2040, CEN 1077, Snell RS 98);
  • a check that rental helmets are properly fitted (as per manufacturer’s guidelines) and properly worn.

There must be a functioning, reliable communication system covering the course.

Clothing/Footwear/Jewellery

Appropriate clothing and footwear for outdoor activity must be worn (e.g. use layering principles, hats, mitts or gloves). (“Comfort Tips” guidelines from the Ontario Snow Resorts Association can assist skiers/snowboarders in determining appropriate clothing for a comfortable outdoor snow sport activity.)

No long scarves permitted.

The wearing of jewellery during practices and competitions must meet the rules of the governing body of the sport/activity, OFSAA, and local athletic association. Consult the Fundamentals of Safety when jewellery is not addressed by the governing body of the sport/activity, OFSAA or the local athletic association.

Long hair must be secured. Devices (e.g. hair pins, clips and barrettes) used to tie back long hair must not present a safety concern.

Facilities

Determine that all facilities are safe for use. Students must be encouraged to report facility problems to the coach.

Only commercially operated ski facilities with suitable teaching areas must be used.

The facility provider must define skiing area to the students so they are aware of the boundaries and hazards for the activity.

Course poles must be full-length breakaway style, and in good repair.

Race course must be set by experienced, qualified course-setter.

Course must be away from dangerous obstacles.

Safety walls, nets or barriers must be placed where required.

There must be a clear run-out at the end of the course.

When running takes place off school site for a conditioning run:

  • Coaches must do a safety check ‘walk through’ in order to identify potential problems prior to initial use of route or course.
  • Coaches must outline to the students the route or course (e.g., notice of areas to approach with caution) before the start of the run.
  • Coaches must determine that students are not crossing busy intersections unless directly supervised.

Special Rules/Instructions

Be aware of students whose medical condition (e.g., asthma, anaphylaxis, casts, previous concussion, orthopaedic device) may affect participation. (Consult Fundamentals of Safety)

Students must not participate in the activity until they receive information on concussion prevention specific to the activity, inherent risks of the activity (e.g. outline possible risks and ways to minimize the risks), and procedures and rules for safe play. Students must receive instruction on the importance of reporting symptoms related to a suspected concussion.

Refer to the school board’s transportation procedures related to communicating with parents/guardians the location of an off-site activity and the means of transportation used as well as to the need for obtaining parent/guardian permission. Parents/guardians must also be informed of the importance of sun protection.

Also consult “Parent/Guardian must be informed” in the Equipment section.

Previous training, fitness level and the length of time and intensity of physical activity must be taken into consideration.

The activities must be based on skills that are taught.

The skills must be taught in proper progression.

A proper warm-up and cool-down must be included.

Fair play and rules of the sport must be taught and strictly enforced.

Proper racing techniques must be taught prior to competition.

Athletes must be taught the importance of skiing/snowboarding in control at all times.

Athletes must ski/snowboard in areas identified as appropriate by the qualified instructor.

Adequate liquid replacement (personal water bottles, water fountains) must be accessible for students before, during and after physical activity to prevent dehydration.

Prior to the competitions review the following with athletes:

  • A properly fitted (as per manufacturer’s guidelines) and properly worn snow sport helmet certified by a recognized safety standards association (e.g. ASTM F2040, CEN 1077, Snell S98) as appropriate for skiing/snowblading or snowboarding must be worn.
  • Ways to protect themselves from environmental conditions (e.g. use of hats, sunscreen, sunglasses, personal water bottles, appropriate clothing).
  • Safety procedures related to cold weather conditions (e.g., temperature, wind chill) and methods for preventing frost bite and hypothermia.
  • Selection of proper clothing for the weather of the day
  • The Alpine Responsibility Code
  • Lift use guidelines

Environmental considerations

When environmental conditions may pose a risk to student safety (e.g. thunderstorms [lightning] or student(s) with asthma, triggered by air quality), teachers must take into consideration their board/school’s protocols and procedures related to:

  • environmental conditions (consult Appendices F-1 to F-6: Lightning Protocol, Sample Air Quality Index, Sample Temperature, Tornado, Ultra Violet Index, and Wind Velocity Preparedness Guides]); and
  • snow conditions (e.g. snow/ice storms) and visibility.

Students must receive instruction on safety procedures related to environmental conditions and be made aware of ways to protect themselves (e.g. frostbite, hypothermia).

The school board’s weather procedures are the minimum standards at all times. In situations where a higher standard of care is presented (e.g., outside activity providers, facility/program coordinators), the higher standard of care must be followed.

Supervision

In-the-area supervision is required.

Certified Alpine Officials must preside over all racing competitions.

Members of a recognized ski patrol must patrol the area and be present on the course when a race is in progress.

Coaching Qualifications

The head coach must demonstrate knowledge of the sport, skills and strategies to the principal or designate.

All coaches must be familiar with and implement where applicable the criteria outlined in Appendix P – Coaching Expectations.

At least one alpine skiing coach must possess one of the following coaching qualifications:

  • NCCP Instruction Coach – Entry Level Course
  • NCCP Competition – Development Level Course
  • Completion of alpine skiing NCCP level 1 and/or level 2 certification in the past.
  • Accreditation as a NCCP Alpine Skiing Learning Facilitator
  • Attendance at a clinic or workshop within the last three years provided by an instructor who is knowledgeable of the activity (e.g., appropriate skills and progressions), and where safety is addressed as outlined in the Ontario Physical Education Safety Guidelines.
  • Past experience within the last 3 years as a coach in alpine skiing having knowledge of the activity (e.g., appropriate skills and progressions) and current safety practices as outlined in the Ontario Physical Education Safety Guidelines.

For more information on sport-specific NCCP training please visit coach.ca.

At least one snowboarding coach must possess one of the following coaching qualifications:

  • NCCP Competition Coach – Competition Introduction Snowboarding Course
  • Completion of snowboarding NCCP level 1 and/or level 2 certification in the past.
  • Accreditation as a NCCP Snow Boarding Learning Facilitator
  • Attendance at a clinic or workshop within the last three years provided by an instructor who is knowledgeable of the activity (e.g., appropriate skills and progressions), and where safety is addressed as outlined in the Ontario Physical Education Safety Guidelines.
  • Past experience within the last 3 years as a coach in snowboarding having knowledge of the activity (e.g., appropriate skills and progressions) and current safety practices as outlined in the Ontario Physical Education Safety Guidelines.

For more information on sport-specific NCCP training please visit coach.ca.

First Aid

The individual who takes responsibility for providing first aid to injured athletes must:

  • as a minimum, have a current first aid certification from a recognized first aid provider (e.g., St. John Ambulance , Red Cross) that includes CPR B or C and training in head, neck and spinal injury management;
  • be in the area and readily accessible during the entire practice/competition;
  • follow their school’s First Aid Emergency Response (consult Appendix E - Sample First Aid Plan and Sample First Aid Emergency Response);
  • follow their school board's concussion protocol for a suspected concussion; and
  • not be a participant in the activity.

Also see Fundamentals of Safety section to view complete safety requirements.