Terms of Use

This information is currently not accessible to residents living outside of Ontario. For more information on your own province’s Safety Guidelines, please consult with your provincial Ministry of Education.

Ce contenu n’est pas disponible à l’extérieur de l’Ontario. Veuillez communiquer avec le ministère de l’Éducation de votre province pour des renseignements sur les Lignes directrices sur la sécurité de votre province.

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Elementary - Interschool 2018


Baseball - Hardball is not appropriate for grades 1-3.


A fully stocked first aid kit must be readily accessible. (Consult Appendix D – Sample First Aid Kit)

A working communication device (e.g., cell phone) must be accessible.

Determine that all equipment is safe for use (e.g., no sharp edges, sharp corners, cracks, or splinters). Students must be encouraged to report equipment problems to the coach.

The batter, on-deck batter, bat boy/bat girl, base runners and base coaches (e.g., first and third base coaches) must wear a properly fitted (as per manufacturer’s guidelines) and properly worn batting helmet with flaps, covering both ears certified by a recognized safety standards association.

At the junior level, helmet chinstraps are mandatory and must be worn as designed by the manufacturer.

Catcher must wear all equipment specified under Baseball Ontario rules.

Suitable pelvic area protection must be worn by all players.

Warm up catchers must wear a mask.

All equipment must be kept out of the playing area.

Bases must be properly secured.

Aluminum bats with proper grips must be used.

Athlete coaches at first and third base must wear an approved baseball helmet.

Where pitching machines are being used, they must be inspected prior to use and be under direct supervision of a teacher/coach.


Appropriate clothing and footwear must be worn. No metal or compound cleats permitted. Molded cleats only.

The wearing of jewellery during practices and competitions must meet the rules of the governing body of the sport/activity, OFSAA, and local athletic association. Consult the Fundamentals of Safety when jewellery is not addressed by the governing body of the sport/activity, OFSAA or the local athletic association.

When long hair poses a safety risk it must be secured. Devices (for example, hair pins, clips and barrettes) used to tie back long hair must not present a safety concern.


Determine that all facilities are safe for use. Students must be encouraged to report facility problems to the coach.

Playing surface and surrounding area must be free of all obstacles.

Diamond must be level and groomed.

Backstops must be checked for broken wire prior to each game.

Entrance gates to the playing field must be closed at all times.

Dugouts must be screened to protect players.

Holes, hazards (e.g. glass, rocks, sprinkler heads, sewer grates), and severely uneven surfaces must be brought to the attention of the coaches, convenor, athletes and officials. Notify principal of unsafe field conditions.

If, in the opinion of the umpire, after consultation with both coaches, the field is deemed to be unsafe for play, the game must be rescheduled.

There must be sufficient turf for safe footing and traction and impact absorption.

Turning points, finish lines, end zones, and boundaries must be a safe distance away from walls, stages, equipment, trees, posts, natural hazards, and holes. Walls, stages, equipment, trees and posts must not be used as turning points, finish lines, end zones or boundaries. A marker (for example, line or pylon) must be designated and be properly identified.

Consult Fundamentals of Safety for the opening and closing of gymnasium divider doors/curtains

When running takes place off school site for a warm, conditioning run and/or is an integral part of the activity:

  • Coaches must do a safety check ‘walk through’ in order to identify potential problems prior to initial use of route or course.
  • Coaches must outline to the students the route or course (e.g., notice of areas to approach with caution) before the start of the run.
  • Coaches must determine that students are not crossing busy intersections unless directly supervised.

Special Rules/Instructions

Be aware of athletes whose medical condition (e.g. asthma, anaphylaxis, casts, previous concussion, orthopaedic device) may affect participation (Consult Fundamentals of Safety).

Students must not participate in the activity until they receive information on concussion prevention specific to the activity, inherent risks of the activity (e.g. outline possible risks and ways to minimize the risks), and procedures and rules for safe play. Students must receive instruction on the importance of reporting symptoms related to a suspected concussion.

Refer to the school board’s transportation procedures related to communicating with parents/guardians the location of an off-site activity and the means of transportation used as well as to the need for obtaining parent/guardian permission.

Previous training, fitness level and the length of time and intensity of physical activity must be taken into consideration.

The activities must be based on skills that are taught.

The skills must be taught in proper progression.

A proper warm-up and cool-down must be included.

Fair play and rules of the sport must be taught and strictly enforced.

Umpire must wear mask and chest pad.

When practicing indoors with a regulation bat:

  • use a batting cage
  • use a pitching machine in a confined area free from student traffic or use a pitcher behind a protective cage or batters hit off a tee (in each case batters hit into a cage)
  • All non active players must be behind cage, no fielders allowed

Appropriate sliding techniques must be taught to minimize the risk of injury.

There must be no head-first sliding into base other than returning from a leadoff position.

Teach batters to use proper grip (not cross-handed).

A conditioning program that encourages flexibility, improved cardiovascular fitness and pre-event warm-up must be introduced.

Players throwing to warm up must do so away from the playing area.

Players must be taught to drop or lay the bat down after hitting, not release it during the follow-through of the swing.

Pitchers are limited to a maximum of 60 pitches per game and no more than two games per day.

Players not involved in the game must be on or behind the bench.

Adequate liquid replacement (personal water bottles, water fountains) must be accessible for students before, during and after physical activity to prevent dehydration.

Environmental considerations

When environmental conditions may pose a risk to student safety (e.g. thunderstorms [lightning] or student(s) with asthma, triggered by air quality), teachers must take into consideration their school board/school’s protocols and procedures related to:

  • environmental conditions (consult Appendices F-1 to F-6: Lightning Protocol, Sample Air Quality Index, Sample Temperature, Tornado, Ultra Violet Index, and Wind Velocity Preparedness Guides]); and
  • insects (e.g., mosquitoes and ticks [consult the school/school board’s protocols and/or regional Public Health Department’s website]).

Students must receive instruction on safety procedures related to environmental conditions and be made aware of ways to protect themselves (e.g. sun burn, heat stroke).

At all times the school board’s weather and insect procedures are the minimum standards. In situations where a higher standard of care is presented (e.g., outside activity providers, facility/program coordinators), the higher standard of care must be followed.


On-site supervision is required.

Students must be informed that the use of equipment and the gymnasium are prohibited without supervision. In addition to verbal communication, the doors must be locked or signs must be posted indicating that students are not allowed to use the gym unless appropriately supervised.

Coaching Qualifications

The head coach must demonstrate knowledge of the sport, skills and strategies to the principal or designate.

All coaches must be familiar with and implement where applicable the criteria outlined in Appendix P – Coaching Expectations.

First Aid

An individual who takes responsibility for providing first aid to injured athletes through the entirety of a practice and/or competition must follow the school board’s concussion protocol and the school’s First Aid Emergency Response (consult Appendix E - Sample First Aid Plan and Sample First Aid Emergency Response).

Also see Fundamentals of Safety section to view complete safety requirements.