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This information is currently not accessible to residents living outside of Ontario. For more information on your own province’s Safety Guidelines, please consult with your provincial Ministry of Education.

Ce contenu n’est pas disponible à l’extérieur de l’Ontario. Veuillez communiquer avec le ministère de l’Éducation de votre province pour des renseignements sur les Lignes directrices sur la sécurité de votre province.

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Track and Field - Shot Put


Elementary - Interschool 2017

Higher Risk Activity


A fully stocked first aid kit must be readily accessible.

A working communication device (e.g., cell phone) must be accessible.

Determine that all equipment is safe for use.

Only shots designed for indoor use can be used in the gym.

Shot must be of appropriate size and weight for age and sex of the athlete. Visit Athletics Ontario for recommended weights.

Softballs are an appropriate substitute for practice purposes.

Towel/rag to dry shot.


Appropriate clothing and footwear must be worn.

The wearing of jewellery during practices and competitions must meet the rules of the governing body of the sport/activity and local athletic association. Consult the Generic Section when jewellery is not addressed by the governing body of the sport/activity or the local athletic association.

No track spikes.


Determine that all facilities are safe for use.

Landing area must be well marked and void of people during activity.

Putting area must provide safe footing and traction.

For practices: Holes, hazards (e.g. glass, rocks, sprinkler heads, sewer grates), and severely uneven surfaces must be identified. The conditions must be made safe or the activity must be modified or moved to a safe location. Hazards which cannot be removed must be brought to the attention of the athletes. Coach must notify principal/designate of unsafe field conditions.

For competitions: Where hazardous conditions that cannot be avoided are identified by the coach and/or officials the conditions must be made safe or the competition must be cancelled or moved to a safe location. Coach must notify principal/designate of unsafe field conditions.

Where running takes place off school site for a warm up or conditioning run and/or is an integral part of the activity:

  • Before initial use, coaches must outline to athletes the route or course (e.g., notice of areas to approach with caution).
  • If route is off school property, determine that athletes are not crossing busy intersections unless directly supervised.

Special Rules/Instructions

Be aware of athletes whose medical condition (e.g., asthma, anaphylaxis, casts, previous concussion, orthopaedic device) may affect participation (consult the Generic Section).

Parents/guardians must be made aware of any off-campus activity and the means of transportation used.

Prior to participation students must receive training or information on concussion prevention and awareness specific to the activity, information on the possible risks of the activity and procedures and rules for safe play. Students must not participate in the activity until these instructions have been received.

Fair play and rules of the sport must be taught and strictly enforced.

No student may participate in a competition without prior skill development and practice.

Skills and techniques associated with shot put must be taught in proper progression.

A student athlete’s fitness level must be commensurate with the level of competition.

Proper warm-ups and cool-downs must be included in all practices and competitions.

Establish safe routines for putting and retrieving of shots.

Establish a safe routine for transporting shots to and from the throwing area.

Shots must never be thrown or rolled back to throwing area.

Where a protective screen is not in place, athletes and spectators must be in a designated area at least 4m (13’) behind the toe line.

Environmental considerations

Before involving athletes in outdoor activity, coaches must take into consideration:

  • environmental conditions (temperature, weather, air quality, humidity, UV index, insects)
  • accessibility to adequate liquid replacement (personal water bottles, water fountains) and athlete hydration before, during and after physical activity
  • previous training and fitness level
  • length of time and intensity of physical activity

Athletes must be made aware of ways to protect themselves from environmental conditions (e.g. use of hats, sunscreen, sunglasses, personal water bottles, insect repellent, appropriate clothing).

Athletes must receive instruction on safety procedures related to funnel clouds, severe weather conditions (lightning, funnel clouds, severe winds, tornadoes (consult Appendix F - Lightning Protocol)].


Constant visual supervision is required.

Coaching Qualifications

The head coach must demonstrate knowledge of the sport, skills and strategies to the principal or designate.

At least one track and field coach must possess one of the following coaching qualifications:

  • NCCP Instruction Coach – Run, Jump, Throw Instructor Course
  • Completion of athletics NCCP level 1 and/or level 2 certification in the past
  • Accreditation as a NCCP Track and Field Learning Facilitator
  • Attendance at a clinic or workshop within the last three years provided by an instructor who is knowledgeable of the activity (e.g., appropriate skills and progressions), and where safety is addressed as outlined in the Ontario Physical Education Safety Guidelines.
  • Past experience within the last 3 years as a coach in track and field - shot put having knowledge of the activity (e.g., appropriate skills and progressions) and current safety practices as outlined in the Ontario Physical Education Safety Guidelines.

For more information on sport-specific NCCP training please visit coach.ca.

First Aid and Emergency Action Plan

Follow the school’s emergency action plan including accessibility to a vehicle for transportation of a student to hospital (consult Appendix E - Emergency Action Plan).

An individual who takes responsibility for providing first aid to injured athletes must:

  • as a minimum, have current first aid certification, from a recognized first aid provider (e.g., St. John Ambulance , Red Cross) that includes CPR level B or level C and training in head, neck and spinal injury management;
  • be in the area and readily accessible during the entire practice/competition;
  • be knowledgeable of school board's concussion protocol for a suspected concussion; and
  • not be a participant in the activity.

Also see Generic Section to view complete safety requirements.