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Track and Field - High Jump

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Elementary - Interschool 2018

Higher Risk Activity

Equipment

A fully stocked first aid kit must be readily accessible. (Consult Appendix D – Sample First Aid Kit)

A working communication device (e.g., cell phone) must be accessible.

Determine that all equipment is safe for use (e.g., no sharp edges, sharp corners, cracks, or splinters). Students must be encouraged to report equipment problems to the coach.

Landing Mats - Practices and tryouts (whether done in class or outside instructional time):

  • Landing surface must be a minimum of 1.5m x 3.6m x .5m (5’ x 12’ x 20”) and in addition there must be a double layer of Velcro mats along three sides with no gaps.

Landing Mats - Competition:

  • The landing surface (excluding the Velcro apron around the outside) must be a minimum of 1.5m x 6m x .5m (5’ x 20’ x 20”). There must be one layer of Velcro mats around the three sides with no gaps.
    • One mat, or mats in combination, may be used to meet or exceed the above minimums.
    • The above mats must be placed end-to-end, parallel to crossbar.
    • When two mats are placed end-to-end, use a cover or place a Velcro mat over the gap between crash mats.
    • Two jumping mats used end-to-end must be of the same thickness.
    • Check landing mats regularly for damage.

Cross Bars:

  • Metal cross bars are not to be used.
  • Competitions and Practices – Fibreglass cross bars must be used.
  • Regularly check cross bars for cracks.
  • Weighted rope or elastic may be used, rather than a crossbar, for warm-up or practice.

High Jump Standards:

  • Check standards regularly for damage. Repair or replace as needed.

Clothing/Footwear/Jewellery

Appropriate clothing and footwear must be worn. Athletes may wear 5mm spikes on rubberized or asphalt jumping surfaces. No track shoes with spikes removed permitted. No bare feet or socks without shoes permitted.

The wearing of jewellery during practices and competitions must meet the rules of the governing body of the sport/activity, OFSAA, and local athletic association. Consult the Fundamentals of Safety when jewellery is not addressed by the governing body of the sport/activity, OFSAA or the local athletic association

When long hair poses a safety risk it must be secured. Devices (for example, hair pins, clips and barrettes) used to tie back long hair must not present a safety concern.

Facilities

Determine that all facilities are safe for use. Students must be encouraged to report facility problems to the coach.

Indoor and outdoor approach area must be smooth, traffic-free and provide safe footing and traction.

Activity and surrounding area and surrounding area must be free of all obstacles (e.g., tables, chairs).

For practices: Holes, hazards (e.g. glass, rocks, sprinkler heads, sewer grates), and severely uneven surfaces must be identified. The conditions must be made safe or the activity must be modified or moved to a safe location. Hazards which cannot be removed must be brought to the attention of the athletes. Coach must notify principal/designate of unsafe field conditions.

For competitions: Where hazardous conditions that cannot be avoided are identified by the coach and/or officials the conditions must be made safe or the competition must be cancelled or moved to a safe location. Coach must notify principal/designate of unsafe field conditions.

Turning points, finish lines, end zones, and boundaries must be a safe distance away from walls, stages, equipment, trees, posts, natural hazards, and holes. Walls, stages, equipment, trees and posts must not be used as turning points, finish lines, end zones or boundaries. A marker (for example, line or pylon) must be designated and be properly identified.

When running takes place off school site for a warm, conditioning run and/or is an integral part of the activity:

  • Coaches must do a safety check ‘walk through’ in order to identify potential problems prior to initial use of route or course.
  • Coaches must outline to the students the route or course (e.g., notice of areas to approach with caution) before the start of the run.
  • Coaches must determine that students are not crossing busy intersections unless directly supervised.

Special Rules/Instructions

Be aware of students whose medical condition (e.g., asthma, anaphylaxis, casts, previous concussion, orthopaedic device) may affect participation. (Consult Fundamentals of Safety)

Students must not participate in the activity until they receive information on concussion prevention specific to the activity, inherent risks of the activity (e.g. outline possible risks and ways to minimize the risks), and procedures and rules for safe play. Students must receive instruction on the importance of reporting symptoms related to a suspected concussion.

Refer to the school board’s transportation procedures related to communicating with parents/guardians the location of an off-site activity and the means of transportation used as well as to the need for obtaining parent/guardian permission.

Previous training, fitness level and the length of time and intensity of physical activity must be taken into consideration.

The activities must be based on skills that are taught.

The skills must be taught in proper progression.

A proper warm-up and cool-down must be included.

Fair play and rules of the sport must be taught and strictly enforced.

No student may participate in a competition without prior skill development and practice.

Bar monitors must stay in front and off to the side of standards prior to, and during, each jump.

High-jump landing surface must not butt up against a wall and must be a minimum of 1m (3’3”) from any wall and any other permanent structures.

Determine that landing mats and Velcro mats are firmly secured and do not slide when landed upon.

When landing surfaces are set up but not being used, deterrents for use must be in place (e.g., mark perimeter with cones, provide supervision, put mats in storage area, place sign on mats – “Use of mats requires supervision”).

Stress short, controlled approach (e.g., between three and nine steps).

If athlete is using “flop style”, teach athlete to take off closer to the nearest upright on approach.

Athletes who are wearing track spikes must be given instruction and practice on safe use.

Adequate liquid replacement (personal water bottles, water fountains) must be accessible for students before, during and after physical activity to prevent dehydration.

Environmental considerations

When environmental conditions may pose a risk to student safety (e.g. thunderstorms [lightning] or student(s) with asthma, triggered by air quality), teachers must take into consideration their school board/school’s protocols and procedures related to:

  • environmental conditions (consult Appendices F-1 to F-6: Lightning Protocol, Sample Air Quality Index, Sample Temperature, Tornado, Ultra Violet Index, and Wind Velocity Preparedness Guides]); and
  • insects (e.g., mosquitoes and ticks [consult the school/school board’s protocols and/or regional Public Health Department’s website]).

Students must receive instruction on safety procedures related to environmental conditions and be made aware of ways to protect themselves (e.g. sun burn, heat stroke).

At all times the school board’s weather and insect procedures are the minimum standards. In situations where a higher standard of care is presented (e.g., outside activity providers, facility/program coordinators), the higher standard of care must be followed.

Supervision

Constant visual supervision is required.

Students must be informed that the use of equipment and the gymnasium are prohibited without supervision. In addition to verbal communication, the doors must be locked or signs must be posted indicating that students are not allowed to use the gym unless appropriately supervised.

Coaching Qualifications

The head coach must demonstrate knowledge of the sport, skills and strategies to the principal or designate.

All coaches must be familiar with and implement where applicable the criteria outlined in Appendix P – Coaching Expectations.

At least one track and field - high jump coach must possess one of the following coaching qualifications:

  • NCCP Instruction Coach – Run, Jump, Throw Instructor Course
  • Completion of athletics NCCP level 1 and/or level 2 certification in the past
  • Accreditation as a NCCP Track and Field Learning Facilitator
  • Attendance at a clinic or workshop within the last three years provided by an instructor who is knowledgeable of the activity (e.g., appropriate skills and progressions), and where safety is addressed as outlined in the Ontario Physical Education Safety Guidelines.
  • Past experience within the last 3 years as a coach in track and field - high jump having knowledge of the activity (e.g., appropriate skills and progressions) and current safety practices as outlined in the Ontario Physical Education Safety Guidelines.

For more information on sport-specific NCCP training please visit coach.ca.

First Aid

The individual who takes responsibility for providing first aid to injured athletes must:

  • as a minimum, have a current first aid certification from a recognized first aid provider (e.g., St. John Ambulance , Red Cross) that includes CPR B or C and training in head, neck and spinal injury management;
  • be in the area and readily accessible during the entire practice/competition;
  • follow their school’s First Aid Emergency Response (consult Appendix E - Sample First Aid Plan and Sample First Aid Emergency Response);
  • follow their school board's concussion protocol for a suspected concussion; and
  • not be a participant in the activity.

Also see Fundamentals of Safety section to view complete safety requirements.